2 edition of standardisation of dysentery serum found in the catalog.
standardisation of dysentery serum
by League of Nations in Geneva
|Statement||by Kiyoshi Shiga, H. Kawamura and K. Tsuchiya.|
|Contributions||Kawamura, H., Tsuchiya, K., League of Nations. Health Organisation.|
Abstract. The clinical manifestations of dysentery have been described for centuries, and the prototypic bacterial agent, Shigella dysenteriae, was identified years the English language there has been remarkably little written about Dr. Kiyoshi Shiga, discoverer of the dysentery bacillus. BOOK DOCTOR APPOINTMENT CONSULT DOCTOR ONLINE Definition of Dysentery. Dysentery is an intestinal inflammation that usually takes place in the in the colon, and can result in severe diarrhoea with mucus or blood in the faeces. There are two types of dysentery: Bacillary dysentery which is caused by Shigella, a type of bacteria.
serum urea nitrogen is the most widely used test for the evaluation of kidney function. The test is frequently requested in conjunction with the serum creatinine test for the differential diagnosis of prerenal, renal, and postrenal uremia. High BUN levels are associated with impaired renal function. Product Number DY; Product Description: Anti-Dysentery (shiga) serum, Equine. WHO International Standard: Type of Standard: International Standard: Category.
Dysentery is of two types: bacterial dysentery wherein the causative microorganism is a bacterium, such as Shigella or Eisherichia coli (E. coli) and amoebic dysentery where the causative organism is a protozoan Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica). 1. Introduction. Bacillary dysentery, caused by Shigella bacteria, is of considerable global public health concern, especially in developing countries and low income regions [1,2].Facilitated by the low dose of organisms required for infection , Shigella can easily be transmitted by the fecal-oral route via contaminated water, food, articles for daily use, and person-to-person contact.
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The standardisation of dysentery serum: first report, by Kiyoshi Shiga, H. Kawamura and K. Tsuchiya of the Kitasato Institute for Infectious Diseases Date. Genre. Archives; Browse more like this. Royal Army Medical Corps archives. Originals held by.
The standard serum is a Shiga-Kruse serum. At the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen a large quantity of dried standard serum is now kept in vacuo, with a strength of 20, units per gramme. The unit is an arbitrary one and so fixed that 10 cc.
of an average serum contain about 5, : Th. Madsen, K. Jensen. Standardization of Anti-Dysentery (Shiga) Serum * H. Sudmersen, B. Runge, and R. O'Brien * The substance of the present paper is to be presented as the first of a series of reports to the League of Nations Standardization Committee, which has requested workers in a number of different laboratories to investigate the : H.
Sudmersen, B. Runge, R. O'Brien. Details of methods employed for the standardization of antidysentery serum have already been published [see this Bulletin, Vol. 22, p. 22, SUDMERSEN, RUNGE & O'BRIEN, ] and the standard " toxin " and " anti-toxin " described. Commencing with their initial standards, the authors have now prepared a second toxin-3 A-which has been titrated against a test serum S.
: R. O'Brien, B. Runge. The titration of antidysenteric sera has not yet attained the accuracy of methods used for antidiphtheritic and antitetanic sera. This is partly due to wide variation in susceptibility of individual mice and partly to difficulty in obtaining a toxin sufficiently concentrated or in a physical state suitable for intravenous injection.
It has been shown, likewise, that the substitution of rabbits Cited by: 3. The dysentery dysentery Subject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms see more details toxin is combined with the serum according to a definite rule of multiple proportion.
The combining power of the several fluid toxins was generally the same. The Standardization of Anti-Dysentery (Shiga) Serum: II*.
Coronavirus: Find the latest articles and preprints The Standardization of Anti-Dysentery (Shiga) Serum: II*. O'Brien RA, Runge BF. British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 01 Apr6(2): PMCID: PMC Europe PMC is an ELIXIR Core Data Resource Learn more >.
Europe PMC is a service of the Europe PMC Funders' Group, in partnership with the European Bioinformatics Institute; and in cooperation with the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NCBI/NLM).It includes content provided to the PMC International archive by participating publishers.
Seven antidysenteric sera were standardized against the international dry standard serum, using the in vitro precipitation and the in vivo mouse test. For the precipitation test, poly-saccharide was extracted from 7-day cultures of Shiga's dysentery bacillus in per cent, glucose broth, diluted 1/1,and mixed with an equal quantity of serum in different dilutions, according to the.
Every case of dysentery in this series was a f positive bacillary case in the sense that (a) an undis- puted dysentery-causing bacillus was obtained from its stools, or (b) its blood-serum agglutinated not only a standardised emulsion of a dysentery organism, but also an identically similar organism found in the stools of another patient in the.
Bacillary Dysentery. Bacillary dysentery should be considered in any patient with acute diarrheal illness associated with toxemia and systemic symptoms, particularly when the illness lasts longer than 48 hours, and when intrafamily spread occurs with an interval of 1 to 3 days between cases, fever is present, or blood or mucus is seen in stool.
The Standardization of Anti-Dysentery (Shiga) Serum: II * R. O'Brien and B. Runge * The work reported in this paper will form a report to the League of Nations Standardization Committee. A dysentery is a form of gastroenteritis that is characterized by frequent and uncontrolled bowel movements.
It is mostly marked by a few symptoms of Diarrhoea. But in this case, the patients may experience watery stools along with blood.
Middle and low-income countries show higher incidence rates of dysentery. The National book depot. Dysentery in the Mediterranean Expeditionary, Oxford Journals Medicine QJM: An International Journal of Medicine Volume os, Issue 44 Pp.
We aimed to. The Lancet NOTES ON THE SERUM TREATMENT OF BACILLARY DYSENTERY, AND ON DYSENTERY ARTHRITIS. BernardG. Klein M.D. OXON LATE TEMPORARY CAPTAIN, R.A.M.C. FOR a period of a year and three months-September, to November, the writer had the opportunity of observing aud treating a large number of cases of dysentery aud dysentery suspects at No.
25. Standardization of Anti-Dysentery (Shiga) Serum* By H. Sudmersen, B. Runge and R. O'Brien Topics: Articles. The Lancet BACILLARY DYSENTERY IN MACEDONIA. MUCH information, the fruit of real research, is contained in the valuable contribution entitled Studies of Bacillary Dysentery Occurring in the British Forces in Macedonia,[quot] which has now been published, under the editorship of Dr.
Dudgeon, consulting bacteriologist to the British Salonika Force, by the Medical Research Committee. S.A. units = Standard agglutinin units per of serum. In addition, blood specimens were taken from a consider- able series of men who had not suffered from dysentery (all the dormitories and messes being represented), with the somewhat striking result that as many as 21 out of of such men (18 per cent.) showed an agglutinating power of.
Background. Dysentery is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Most dysentery cases in the tropics are caused by Shigella,1 whereas dysentery in the developed countries is usually caused by Salmonella.2 Death rates as high as % have been reported during epidemics of Shigella dysenteriae type The provision of effective anti-microbial.
Bacillary dysentery, or shigellosis, is caused by bacilli of the genus matically, the disease ranges from a mild attack to a severe course that commences suddenly and ends in death caused by dehydration and poisoning by bacterial toxins.
After an incubation period of one to six days, the disease has an abrupt onset with fever and the frequent production of watery stools that may. Standardization of Anti-Dysentery (Shiga) Serum * H. J. Sudmersen, B. F. Runge, and R. A. O'Brien * The substance of the present paper is to be presented as the first of a series of reports to the League of Nations Standardization Committee, which has requested workers in a number of different laboratories to investigate the subject.Dysentery is an intestinal infection that you can get if you eat food that's been prepared by someone who's got the illness.
The disease can cause bloody are two types.The Standardization of Anti-Dysentery (Shiga) Serum: II* By R. A. O'Brien and B. F. Runge Topics: Articles.